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Sugarbeet Growers Magazine January 2014 : Page 4

2013 Crop Year Review Reports from All North American Beet Regions Photo: Don Lilleboe / Michigan Sugar Co. Croswell Factory Amalgamated Sugar Company Early harvest results of the 2013 crop pointed to a large crop. These re-sults were somewhat surprising due to the difficult 2013 springtime weather. There were 82,512 acres replanted — 44% of the planted acres. A 3% volun-tary overplant was allowed in 2013, but not all of the allowed overplant was planted. There were 186,321 acres con-tracted with 186,176 acres planted. There were 712 acres lost due to envi-ronmental conditions and lack of water in some areas where storage water was short. Temperatures during the growing season were conducive for good yields. With that comes higher mineralization in the soil, resulting in lower sugar con-tents. Early harvest sugar content was 14.21% in Mini-Cassia and 15.00% in the Twin Falls district, both of which were below average for early harvest. The 2013 Amalgamated crop set an-other yield record of 36.3 tons per acre. However, the sugar content was a dis-appointing 15.87 %. Harvest was ideal, and the beets were put into the piles in good condition. — John Schorr American Crystal Sugar Company Preparations for the 2013 American Crystal crop started during the fall of 2012. The wet fall disrupted tillage op-erations and seedbed preparation for the spring of 2013. A substantial per-centage of the fall fertilizer applications did not get completed, either. Spring planting was delayed due to wet field conditions. About 70% of the crop was planted between May 14 and May 21, with the final acres planted on June 20. Cool and wet conditions slowed germination, emergence and late-spring and early summer growth. Hot, dry weather and drought condi-tions slowed growth in late July and August over much of the growing area. Weed control was very good in the northern factory districts, but more-widespread waterhemp resistance to glyphosate has developed in the Moor-head district. Spread of resistant weeds remains a threat to successful contin-ued use of Roundup Ready ® varieties. The primary root disease problem in 2013 was Fusarium. Its distribution has spread northward, and use of re-sistant varieties is much more impor-tant in the Crookston and Hillsboro districts as well as Moorhead. Root aphids caused significant losses over a much greater area of the Red River Valley in 2013 than in 2012. Aphid infestations were observed in all factory districts, with yield losses vary-ing from slight to severe, depending on locale. Root aphid-impacted varieties store very, very poorly in long-term storage. Root maggot populations were moderate to severe in historical prob-lem areas. Maggot control was good to excellent in all but a few fields. A much warmer and wetter Septem-ber allowed crop growth to progress at a much greater-than-normal rate. Ideal September growing conditions and lack of a canopy killing frost until the last week of October resulted in a higher-than-expected average yield of just over 25 tons per acre. Sugar content aver-aged out at a disappointing 17.3%. The Crystal harvest wrapped up on November 14, with very difficult dig-ging conditions in the southern Red River Valley. A few hundred acres were left unharvested due to extremely wet conditions. — Allan Cattanach Lantic Inc. Southern Alberta enjoyed a record-breaking sugarbeet crop in 2013. Grow-ers delivered 668,087 metric tons (736,439 short tons) from 24,153 acres, for a per-acre average yield of 27.7 met-ric tons (30.5 short tons). Sugar con-tent averaged 18.5% in 2013, compared to 19.3% in the 2012 Alberta beet crop. Field operations were slightly de-layed during the spring of 2013 in some areas due to cooler conditions and snow cover in fields further east. Early spring field work and fertilizer applica-tion was necessary due to the adverse field conditions experienced by produc-ers in the fall of 2012. Notwithstanding, some areas were planted on schedule, while others were planted slightly later than usual. Planting dates ranged from April 6 to mid-May. Adverse weather events during im-Our 27th Crop Summary These pages contain our 27th annual sugarbeet crop summary. All North American sugarbeet pro-duction regions are represented in the reports included here. The Sugarbeet Grower wishes to extend our sincere thanks to those individuals listed who submit-ted the report for their company. 4 THE SUGARBEET GROWER January 2014

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